Chatsworth: Constructing Climate

Initial precedent analysis included a variety of topics, ranging from architecture to the literal portrayal of nature. Taking notes from architects, and artists alike, the research proved to be highly valuable in moving forward. These were the findings.

Designed by Joseph Paxton, who later designed the Crystal Palace, Chatsworth was also one of the most influential landscape architects of the Victorian age. Often compared to Versailles, due to its immense size, the garden grew from 42 to 440 hectares, being transformed from the wilderness into a parasitical garden. This happened around the time whereby nature was being something to experiment, rather than something to fear. In its courtyard, a reflecting pool was placed facing the north, with aqueducts added, following the linear grid matrix. At its height, Chatsworth became the centre of botanical research, with expeditions all over Africa allowing for the collection of specimens. The prime research, however, focuses on “The lily house,” also known as the great conservatory - a greenhouse covering 3000 sqm. It consisted of glass, wood, and cast iron, whereby The Victoria Regina, a type of tropical water plant, bloomed for the first time in England at the location. It consists of a very rigorous blooming process, with very low success rates outside of its climate. Nonetheless, the duality between the greenhouse and technology behind it, allowed for the blooming to take place.